Wednesday, 25 October 2017

Past Simple for Beginners.

USE

Usamos el Past Simple para hablar del pasado. En español se puede traducir por el pretérito indefinido (I danced – Yo bailé) o el pretérito imperfecto (I danced – yo bailaba) Lo más importante es que es el tiempo en el que contamos las cosas que nos sucedieron, es decir, las narraciones.

FORM

Para construir el Past Simple debes saber dos cosas, una buena (good news) y otra mala (bad news):

Good News :)

El Past Simple es muy fácil de construir, fíjate bien:
Affirmative*
Negative**
Interrogative***
I danced.
I didn't dance.
Did I dance?
You danced.
You didn't dance.
Did you dance?
He/She/It danced.
He/She/It didn't dance.
Did he/she/it dance?
We danced.
We didn't dance.
Did we dance?
You danced.
You didn't dance.
Did you dance?
They danced.
They didn't dance.
Did they dance?
* Como ves sólo tienes que añadir -ed al final del verbo regular para la forma afirmativa
** La forma negativa se forma con el auxiliar didn't + infinitive
*** La forma interrogativa se hace con el auxiliar did delante del sujeto

Bad News :|

Además de los verbos regulares existen otros que son irregulares. Se llaman así porque su forma del Past Simple en afirmativa es diferente.
Estas formas debes aprenderlas de oído, y cuando digo de oído quiero decir que es mejor aprendarlas escuchándola. Mucha gente se las aprende de memoria leyendo listas de verbos irregulares... y al final no se familiarizan con su pronunciación y no son capaces de entender cuando las escuchan.
To Do es un verbo irregular, y su Past Simple es Did. Pero solo para la forma afirmativa (Don't panic!), fíjate bien:
Affirmative*
Negative**
Interrogative***
I did some homework.
I didn't do any homework.
Did I do any homework?
You did some homework.
You didn't do any homework.
Did you do any homework?
He/She/It did some homework.
He/She/It didn't do any homework.
Did he/she/it do any homework?
We did some homework.
We didn't do any homework.
Did we do any homework?
You did some homework.
You didn't do any homework.
Did you do any homework?
They did some homework.
They didn't do any homework.
Did they do any homework?

LET'S PRACTICE

Puedes aprender pronunciación de verbos regulares e irregulares rapeando con Fluency MC:
IRREGULAR VERBS RAP:
Y en este otro Fluency MC te dice la Base Form y tú tienes que decir el Past Simple y el Past Participle:

-ED Pronunciation
Con éste aprenderás las a pronunciar bien todos los verbos regulares en past simple cuando acaban en -ED.

Friday, 22 September 2017

Tuesday, 9 May 2017

Obligation and Advice in the song “Should I Stay or Should I go?: Have (got) to / Should


With this activity you can learn the use of the modal verbs HAVE (GOT) TO and SHOULD:
  • We use SHOULD to express ADVICE.
  • We use HAVE TO to express OBLIGATION in written and oral communication. But we usually use HAVE GOT TO in oral communication, for example in song.
    So it's very common to find HAVE GOT TO in many different versions, as they appear above:
    • have got to = 've got to = got to = gotta
Can you find more examples of SHOULD and HAVE (GOT) TO in the song's lyrics?
Remember that have got to can appear in different versions.


Here is the official video by band who sings it: The Clash.

These are the answers for the activity.



Friday, 5 May 2017

Modal Verbs: Ability. Advice, Necessity and Obligation. Possibility and Certainty.


Hi, everyone! We're going to revise the form and use of modal verbs.

Form.

The first thing we have to know is the type of modal verbs there are:
Pure modals
Semi-modals
can
be able to
could
may
have better
might
must
have to
shall

should

ought to

will

would

need ***
need to
*** need is a special verb since as a modal it is almost always negative such as you needn't come to work tomorrow
The pure modals are used just exactly as the auxiliary verbs in the sentence word order.
Subject
Modal / Auxiliary
Verb
Object
Manner, place and time
You
shouldn't
be
so stressed
for driving
You
needn't
drive

to school
I
can
give
you
a lift


Their main difference is that pure modals are invariable forms, that is, we can't use them in the past or future forms.
Instead, the semi-modals can be used in the past, future and the rest of tenses too.

Use.

For understanding the meaning and use of the modal verbs we can establish different uses: ability; advice, necessity, and obligation; possibility and certainty.

Ability

We express ability by means of the modals can and could and the semi-modal be able to.
Here a presentation to learn more about the modals of ability:

Exercises:

Advice, necessity, and obligation

For expressing advice we have the modals:
  • should and ought to (ought to isn't usually used in the negative and interrogative form) to express advice.
  • need to to express necessity (only in the affirmative form).
  • needn't (without to) and the don't/doesn't have to are used to make clear there's no need to do something.
  • must and have to express obligation.
  • mustn't for expressing prohibition (obligation of not doing)
For more information, you can watch these presentations
  • Advice

Exercises:
  • Necessity

Exercises:


  • Obligation


Exercises.

Possibility and certainty

The modal verbs we use to express possibility and certainty are may, might, can, could, must
  • to express possibility in the present or the future we may (may not), might (mightn't) and could.
  • To express logical deduction we use must (in the affirmative form) or can't (in the negative form).
  • When we are sure something is true we use must.
  • When we are sure something is impossible we use can't.

Exercises:









Tuesday, 4 April 2017

Writing about the Parts of the House and Furniture

Vamos a revisar vocabulario de las Parts of the House. Para ello utilizaremos un video y los conectores:
  • and / but
  • First, / Then, / After that, / Next, / Finally
También aprenderemos el uso de There's / There are
1. First, let's have a look at the video:
2. Then, let's answer the question: Usa los conectores para First, / Then, / After that, / Next, / Finally, para indicar el orden en que salen las habitaciones.
Where's the bee?
  1. First, the bee is in the living room but it's not in the bedroom.
  2. Next, The bee is in the bedroom but it's not in the kitchen
  3. Then, ...
  4. After, ...
  5. ...
  6. ...
  7. ...
  8. Finally, ...
Repite con cada escena cambiando el nombre de las habitaciones y practica la pronunciación.

3. Finally, practise There's / There are with pieces of furniture, for example
  1. What is there in the living room? / There's a sofa, a table, a picture and a picture.
  2. What is there in the kitchen? / There's an oven, a sink, and a cupboard.
Puedes repetir todas las veces que necesites hasta adquirir el vocabulario que estás trabajando

Good luck! and May Force be with you!

Thursday, 9 February 2017

Present Continuous Use and Form. 1 ESO

Hi!
This post is about the present continuous. Watch the videos and do the tasks.
PROCESS. / Actions in progress
Task.
  • Imagina una acción en proceso y dibújala como se muestra en el vídeo. Luego pasa al siguiente vídeo.
FORM. / How to make the present continous.


Task:
  • Translate the sentences into English.
    • Estoy jugando al Minecraft ahora mismo.
    • Estamos leyendo "La Historia Interminable" este mes en clase.

Tuesday, 31 January 2017

Verb + Object + to infinitive

Hi, guys!
In this video you'll learn about a construction in English which is a bit complex for us, native Spanish speakers: VERB + OBJECT + TO INFINITIVE.
Watch this video for examples and explaination, it'll only take 2 minutes:
Now, you'll realise that this structure could substitued by a that-clause where the subject is what we call here the "object":
I want you to study harder.
I want that you study harder.

Then, the closest structure in Spanish is  a Proposición subordinada sustantiva.
Quiero que estudies más.
This is a list of common verbs followed by OBJECT + TO INFINITIVE:
Verbs followed by an object and the to-infinitive

advise
allow
ask
beg
cause
choose
command
convince
enable
encourage
expect
force
hire
instruct
invite
need
order
permit
persuade
prepare
promise
remind
require
tell
threaten
urge
want
warn
wish
would like


And here are some exercises for you to practise:


Wednesday, 25 January 2017

Word Order in questions - Present Simple (1 ESO)

Hi, everybody.
There are two type of questions:
  • Yes / No questions (Y/N) > your answer is yes or no.
  • Wh- questions (WH-q) > your answer is an affirmative or negative sentence.
In the first video you can learn how to make questions in the present simple affirmative:

  1. Ve el vídeo y haz un esquema parecido al que sale en él. Utiliza estas frases para poner sus partes en el esquema, tal y como te enseño en el vídeo.
  • Do you play tennis in summer?
  • Do you do your homework everyday?
  • Where does she meet her friends on Sundays?
  • When do they go cycling?
  • Does your teacher play videos on youtube?
Cuando termines escribe un comentario al final de esta página sin olvidar poner tu nombre

Tuesday, 17 January 2017

Adjectives and adverbs.

Hi, there.
Today you're going to learn about adjectives and adverbs.
From nouns to adjectives 
You can make adjectives by adding endings to some nouns.
Watch the video and answer the questions above.

  1. Can you make adjectives from nouns only? Are there other type of words you can make adjectives from?
  2. Make a list with examples of different adjective endings.
From nouns to adjectives:

From adjectives to adverbs:
You can also make adverbs by adding endings to some adjectives. Watch the video and answer the questions.

  1. What is the difference between adjectives and adverbs?
  2. How can you make adverbs from adjectives?
  3. Copy examples and make a diagram of the different spellings for -ly ending.

Thursday, 12 January 2017

Present simple negative and questions (Word order)

Hi, class.

Let's prepare our lesson at home.
Watch this presentation:

  1. Draw the structure of the negative form and questions.
Watch the next video (it's in American Spanish version):

  1. Copy the examples of questions.
  2. Make a list of question words and write them in Spanish 
  3. Cuando el profesor dice que éstas son "preguntas informativas", ¿qué crees que significa eso?

Tuesday, 10 January 2017

Past continuous vs past simple

Hi, there!
Study the past continuous form in this short video. It's in Spanish version.
  1. Watch the video. You can "pause", and play the video again in difficult parts.
  2. Use the examples in the video to make a diagram with the elements of English past continuous.

Then, watch and study this new video. It's very short and gives examples of the differences between past simple and past continuous.

Please, follow these steps to study this video:
  1. Watch the video. Remember that you can "pause", and play the video again.
  2. Take notes on the examples, and write your examples.
  3. Write questions difficult aspects on the video. We'll discuss them in class.

Monday, 9 January 2017

Present perfect simple vs Past simple.

Hi, class!
In this video-lesson you'll learn the differences in use (usage) between the present perfect simple tense and the past simple tense.
If you're already familiar with the form of them you can skip until minute 2,05.
To review the lesson, you can follow these steps:
  1. Watch the full video (or skip to the usage part)
  2. When you feel you don't understand a concept. Rewind the video and play it again up to the point you didn't understood.
  3. Take notes and make a diagram in a time-line with examples of present perfect and past simple.
  4. Write questions about difficult aspects. We'll discuss on them in class.